Security :: Move Wallet From Existing Location?

Oct 22, 2012

I have TDE enable in system. Now i want to remove wallet from the server and keep another secure place so that it can't be put in wrong hand. Is there any way that i can remove the wallet folder from the server while encryption and decryption on?

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Security :: Wallet Autologin - Can't Move It To Another Machine?

Feb 21, 2013

I'm reviewing the method of setting up transparent data encryption (TDE) and the role Oracle Wallet plays in that process. One statement that caught my attention was this statement in the documentation:

Quote:You can also choose to create a local auto login wallet. Local auto login wallets cannot be moved to another computer. They must be used on the host on which they are created." URL....

Why an auto-login wallet can't be moved to another computer? For example, if my Oracle database server goes down and I'm in a recovery situation, would an autologin Oracle wallet file restored from tape not work?

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Security :: How To Install Wallet In Oracle 11g

Oct 6, 2012

how to install wallet in Oracle 11g and chek if it is installed? Extra cost is involved for liscencing ?

Does it ask for any option while installing Oracle Software?

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Write PL/Sql Stored Procedure To Move Files From One Location To Another?

May 17, 2007

I need to write a PL/Sql stored procedure to move files from one location to another. I need to move files that are older than 30 days. Is there any Oracle package I can use to move the files on the basis of its creation date.

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Security :: Oracle Wallet Open Failed?

Jul 16, 2013

I successfully created a Oracle Wallet in AIX. The wallet is belong to user "oracle" and permission is 755. I can access it with non-oracle user. Note: the non-oracle user is under the same group as "oracle" id.

But when I try to change the Oracle Waller permission to less than 755, I am not able to access it anymore. The error is "ORA-12578: TNS:wallet open failed".

My question is how can I access the Oracle Wallet without using 755 permission?

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Security :: Wallet For Each Windows (service) User

Apr 4, 2013

Is there a way to have separate wallets for each windows user? Well, I have found a way, but does not seem to work always properly and that is with %USERNAME% environment variable.

This is how our customer want's to have - so separate wallet for each windows user, how to accomplish this without using %USERNAME%?

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Security :: Oracle Wallet Compatibility With Reports

Aug 31, 2012

If i have Oracle Wallet installed for a Oracle 10.2 Client, i am able to connect to the database. But , while generations a report , when my oracle report server tries to connect to the DB using Oracle Wallet

(i.e. sqlplus /@<dbname> ) , I am not able to establish a connection.

Is it a compatibility issue ?

Following is the parameter i am passing.


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Security :: Query Regarding Client Side Wallet

Jul 11, 2012

I need few clarifications regarding oracle wallet.

db version: (Enterprise Edition)

We have a requirement to run shell scripts calling stored procedures for specific activities, which are run on database server. We do not want to store passwords in shell scripts and decided to use Secure External Password Store for hiding passwords instead of os authentication method. need few clarifications on the below.

1) Currently, we are creating oracle wallet entry on db server and making modifications in sqlnet.ora file accordingly. Is it good to use like this or we should do this only on a client machine?
2) Do we need any licensing to use this option?
3) Any knows issues with using oracle wallet?
4) Can we use orapki for creating oracle wallet instead of mkstore?
5) Any knows issues we face during startup and shutdown of db activities?

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Security :: Ora-28374 Typed Master Key Not Found In Wallet

Jun 19, 2013

I am getting error "ora-28374 typed master key not found in wallet".


1) created tablespace and user to the respective tablespace.

2) created table by issuing command as "CREATE TABLE TEST1 (SR_NO NUMBER(3), NAME VARCHAR2(30) ENCRYPT) DEFAULT TABLESPACE ENC". (by user - enc_user)

3) Inserted rows on to the table.

4) entry made in sqlnet.ora as

(DIRECTORY=C:appAdministratoradmin estencrypted_wallet/)))


6) restarted the database.

7) since i want to made it autologin. so I open wallet through the below mentioned path program file >>oracle_home>> integrated management tool >> wallet But when it asked the password I typed the same password but it was not accepting. So i made new wallet with the same specified path. Also I clicked on auto login.

8) Now, i have restarted the database and tried to issue the command "ALTER SYSTEM SET ENCRYPTION KEY IDENTIFIED BY "suresh123";

While issuing the command, getting error "ora-28374 typed master key not found in wallet". "

i tried with the recreation of new folder again on the same path as -"C:appAdministratoradmin estwallet" and same entry updated on sqlnet.ora. But facing the same error.

Is there any way to re-create or modify the encryption of tablespace?

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Security :: Creating Wallet - System Does Not Prompt For Password

Apr 14, 2011

I'm trying to hide the password for the batch programs that connect to the DB Server

as Cadot pointed out in


use secure external password store

with reference to


when I create wallet, the system does not prompt me for password

C:>mkstore -wrl "C:ora102NETWORKADMIN" -create

when creating login credentials, again the system never prompts me for password

C:>mkstore -wrl "C:ora102NETWORKADMIN" -createCredential db10g scott tiger

here's my sqlnet.ora configurations


here's my tnsname.ora settings

DB10G =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = localhost)(PORT = 1521))

here's the outcome

C:Documents and SettingsAdministrator>sqlplus /@db10g
SQL*Plus: Release - Production on Wed Apr 13 22:53:06 2011
Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle. All Rights Reserved.

ORA-12534: TNS:operation not supported

Enter user-name:

so I Google around for the solution to the ORA-12534 error, one of the site,


here's my lsnrctl services

Connecting to (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=)(PORT=1521))
Services Summary...
Service "MIKEXDB" has 1 instance(s).
Instance "mike", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...

The command completed successfully

right now I think I will be a fool to think that the solution is to resolve the ERROR: ORA-12514: TNS:listener does not currently know of service requested in connect descriptor. so what is wrong with my setup, or is it some patch that I need to apply?

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Security :: How To Automate Wallet Open Operation In Standby Instance

Dec 14, 2012

My database is and with TDE tablespace encryption, ASM db storage. The wallet needs to be opened for MRP to work in physical standby database. I already have the solution for the primary instances to automate wallet open (e.g. using startup trigger for However, I cannot find solution to automate wallet open operation in standby instances (to issue ALTER SYSTEM SET ENCRYPTION WALLET OPEN IDENTIFIED BY ""').

Manual operation everytime standby instance is started is not feasible.

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Server Administration :: Unable To Use Existing OraInventory Location During Installation?

Jan 5, 2010

i am installing oracle 11g rel2 ( o/s : hp ux 11.31 ). already we have 11g rel1 installed in the machine where oracle inventory location is /oracle/oraInventory where /oracle is ORACLE_BASE directory..

cd /oracle
ls -ltr
drwxrwxr-x 4 ora11gr1 dba 8192 Aug 30 00:19 oraInventory

now when i install oracle 11g rel2 on the same machine, it should use the existing oraInventory..but it is prompting us to enter the new location for oraInventory during installation....but as per the naming convention, we need to keep inventory directory under /oracle/oraInventory only..

when i select oraInventory location as /oracle/oraInventory from wizard, iam getting below error:

[INS-32055] The Central Inventory is located in the Oracle base.

[INS-32035] Unable to create a new central inventory at the specified location.

should i uninstall the exisitng oracle 11g rel1 and then should i install rel2 (i.e what iam trying to install now ) ?if so, after instlaling rel2, then should i install rel1 ?

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Delete Wallet Created Outside Wallet Manager?

Mar 17, 2013

I am on I created wallet with

orapki wallet create -wallet "C:Oracleserver11201productdbhomeNETWORKADMIN" -pwd <password> -auto_login_local

How do I remover it now? Wallet manager doesn't list it.

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Real Application Clusters :: Unable To Open Wallet / ORA-28353 / Failed To Open Wallet

Jul 11, 2012

I want to create a wallet on RAC setup.I have two node setup.I have created the wallet directory under shared folder /u01/oradata/$ORACLE_SID/wallet

I am Unable to open wallet.I tried this using the below command

SQL> alter system set encryption key identified by "aryabhat";
alter system set encryption key identified by "aryabhat"
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-28353: failed to open wallet

Following is the content of sqlnet.ora file

(path : /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/network/admin/sqlnet.ora)
ADR_BASE = /u01/app/oracle
(DIRECTORY = /u01/oradata/$ORACLE_SID/wallet/)))

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Impdp Speed Differ From Location To Location

Oct 4, 2013

We have taken export expdp backup from prod database (primary database- Data Guard).

1.) Import impdp is very slow 10GB/Hrs on staging database (Data Guard MAXIMUM AVAILBILITY)Since Server configuration, database version and configuration, operating system everything are same as production. No blocking, locking or waiting sessions

2.)import impdp is fast 90GB/Hrs on Test standalone database and this test database is running in NOARCHIVE LOG mode with oracle standard version after that no more difference.

CPU,Memory,network and disk I/O are look normal while importing on both databases.why that much difference on import.

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Difference Between (ocrconfig -export Location) And (ocrconfig -manualbackup Location)?

Aug 13, 2013

what is difference between "ocrconfig -export location" and "ocrconfig -manualbackup location"

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SQL & PL/SQL :: Existing Role Claimed To Be Not Existing?

Dec 19, 2011

I'm am getting an error that says that a role doesn't exist when I can cleary see it in DBA_ROLES. I can successfully grant other roles in this session. I am using Oracle 11.1 on RAC.

Error at line 1
ORA-01919: role 'CONNECT' does not exist
select * from dba_roles where role = 'CONNECT'


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Encryption - Typed Master Key Not Found In Wallet

Sep 29, 2010

what steps I am missing or provide a work-around?

1) cat sqlnet.ora


2) mkdir /u01/app/oracle/secure

ls -ld /u01/app/oracle/secure
drwxr-sr-x 2 oracle dba 512 Sep 28 17:04 /u01/app/oracle/secure
lsnrctl stop
lsnrctl start

3) sqlplus 'sys/sys as sysdba'

SQL*Plus: Release Production on Tue Sep 28 17:07:53 2010
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-28374: typed master key not found in wallet

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ODP.NET :: Wallet (file Method) Compatible With Managed Driver

Oct 8, 2013

I am trying to use oracle wallet with the new managed driver, but I am getting

"invalid username/password".

As the wallet itself is ok (it works with the unmanaged client), seems to me that this new provider is not fully compatible with Oracle Wallet. Is this true? I am trying this: 

<oracle.manageddataaccess.client>    <version number="*">  <settings> <setting name="tns_admin" value="D:oracleproduct11.2.0client_1
etworkadmin" />        <setting name="WALLET_LOCATION" value="D:oraclewallets" />      </settings>    </version>  </oracle.manageddataaccess.client> 

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Wallet - While Creating A Table Says Master Encryption Key Is Not Present?

Jan 22, 2013

I have created a wallet (11g R2 OEL 5.5) using the OWM.Tried opening the wallet (encryption_wallet_location set in sqlnet.ora). then while creating a table it said the master encryption key is not present. Have created the master key using the following command.

alter system set encryption key identified by "Password";

Here the strange thing i observed is that when we create a wallet using the OWM, it asks for the password and when i open the same wallet the master key is not created and it allows the master key to be generated with the same password that i have created the wallet in the first place with the OWM, with any other passwords it says that the wallet is not open.

After creating the wallet and creating the master key... I have the following questions, and its becoming quite hard to find the solutions as well.

1. Can we have multiple encryption keys... say i want to encrypt a table or column with one key and other with an another key.
2. How many keys can we have for objects in the table? or can we have only one key and many certificates.
3. wallet created, and encrypted tables present, the wallet is not in auto open mode, but somehow the database open after it is shutdown, here no encrypted tablespaces are present.
4. while creating an encrypted tablespace the default storage (encrypt ) has to be added to the add tablespace clause.

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Application Express :: How To Configure LDAP SSL Using Auto Login Wallet

Mar 27, 2013

I need to enable authentication over LDAP SSL. I've configured a wallet (auto login) containing required certificates and set accordingly WALLET_PATH and WALLET_PWD settings using apex_instance_admin.set_parameter method. With this, everything is working fine and LDAP over SSL is working well. It confirms that the wallet is properly configured, valid and usable.

So, the wallet was created with auto login option and it seems to work well without specifying password when calling utl_http.

Proof of properly configured auto login wallet (without password).
TEST01@DB11G> exec show_html_from_url(''); -- test without wallet
BEGIN show_html_from_url(''); END;

ERROR at line 1:
ORA-29273: HTTP request failed
ORA-06512: at "SYS.UTL_HTTP", line 1527
ORA-29261: bad argument
ORA-06512: at "TEST01.SHOW_HTML_FROM_URL", line 25
ORA-29273: HTTP request failed
ORA-06512: at "SYS.UTL_HTTP", line 1130
ORA-29024: Certificate validation failure
ORA-06512: at line 1TEST01@DB11G> exec utl_http.set_wallet('file:/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/network/admin'); -- set wallet info for use without password (autologin)

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

TEST01@DB11G> exec show_html_from_url(''); -- It works!

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. So, when I configure WALLET_PATH without WALLET_PWD, it not seems to work as it should with my auto login wallet...

Is it APEX not handling auto login wallets correctly?

Apex Version:
OS: OEL 6.4
DB: x64

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Security :: Oracle 11G And Advanced Security / FIPS 140-2 Compliant Encrypt Data At Rest

Dec 26, 2012

Any documentation supporting Oracle 11G and Advanced Security stating encryption at rest is FIPS 140-2 compliant?

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Security :: Enhance Security Of Windows And Recover Lost / Forgotten Password?

Nov 16, 2010

Lost Windows password? Forgot Windows password? Your PC was hacked? Therefore, it is a basic step for every Windows users to enhance the security of Windows password. In the networks, it is found that a number of user's passwords are easy to guess. Only the smallest groups are the most security conscious and select passwords that are mixed lowercase and uppercase letters, numbers and punctuation to create cryptic passwords. Adopting strong password is one of the most effective ways to ensure system security. Here are several methods for you to enhance the security of your passwords in Windows 7/2000/XP/Vista and so on. You'd better remember the methods below unless you want to reset Windows password from time to time.

1. Is random password a great password?

A common myth is that totally random passwords like Ht3&e#L%5d@$B are the best passwords. This is not true. While they may be strong passwords, they are usually difficult to remember, slow to type, and sometimes vulnerable to attacks against the password generating algorithm. It is easy to create passwords that are strong but much easier to remember by using a few simple techniques. For example, consider the password "Luck-73@Better?". This password utilizes uppercase and lowercase letters, two numbers, and three symbols. The password is 15 characters long and can be memorized with very little effort. Moreover, this password can be typed very fast. The portion"Luck" and "Better" alternate between left and right-handed keys on the keyboard, improving speed, decreasing typos, and decreasing the chances of someone being able to discover your password by watching you.

2. Create the long Windows password

Although a password may eventually be discovered through some means, it is possible to create a password that cannot be cracked in any reasonable time. If a password is long enough, it will take so long or require so much processing power to crack it. That is essentially the same as being unbreakable (at least for most hackers).

3. Create the Windows password constantly?

This may be good advice for some high-risk passwords, but it is not the best policy for every user. It is frustrating for a user to have to constantly think of and remember new passwords every 30 days. It may be better to focus on stronger passwords and better user awareness rather than limiting password age. A more realistic time for the common user may be 90-120 days.

4. Write down Windows password in a proper place

Sometimes it is necessary for some users losing and forgetting complex passwords easily to write down them somewhere proper. However, it is important to educate users on how to write down passwords properly. Obviously, a sticky note on the monitor is not a good idea, but storing passwords in a safe or even a locked cabinet may be sufficient.

5. 14 characters is the optimal password length

Each character that you add to your password increases the protection. Your passwords should be 8 or more characters in length; 14 characters or longer is the Optimal Password Length. Many systems also support use of the space bar in passwords, so you can create a phrase made of many words. It is not easier to forget and lose, as well as longer than a simple password, and harder to guess.

6. Try not to use the same Windows password for all accounts

Some users always make the same passwords for every account to make it easy to remember. In that case, when any one of them lost, your other information protected by that password will be in danger as well. It is serious to use different passwords for different systems and accounts.

7. Do not use some common words that other users maybe guess

Most of users prefer to use some common words to remember easily, for example, login name, birth date, driver's license, passport number, pets' name and other words contained their personal information someone knows. In that case, your Windows system will not be safe anymore. Moreover, do remember not to use some words spelled backwards, abbreviations, sequences or repeated characters and adjacent letters, such as, asdfgh, 123456, 888888, abcdef and so on.

You can smoothly use your Windows now because the strong and powerful Windows password is created successfully, Certainly, I believe that many users lost Windows password and forgot Windows password, then you need have to reset Windows password or recover Windows password. It is a big problem for plenty of Windows users that how to reset Windows password. how to recover Windows password and they are puzzled by resetting windows password, for instance, reset Windows 7 password, recover password Windows XP, remove Windows Vista password and other operating systems after they create the password with complex letters, numbers and symbols. However, it is unnecessary to worry and it is said that things will eventually sort themselves out. There are many ways to reset forgotten Windows password, including use windows password reset disk and windows password reset software, like Super Windows Password Reset, a professional windows password reset software which could enable you to logon to Windows smoothly without reinstalling system.

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Security :: Moving Application Security To Oracle From Sybase

Aug 18, 2010

In Sybase, my application was using system tables to perform application login security. Those tables obviously don't exist in Oracle. I am looking for ways to provide the following functionality in an Oracle world:

1. How to determine 'x' days of inactivity based on "last login date"?

2. How to determine when a new user logs in for the first time and force them to change their password?

3. If we need to reset a users password, how can we require the user to change their password?

4. Is there any other option other than storing a user-id/password in the application code for locking a user's account if their account needs to be locked due to inactivity?

5. In the USER_USERS view there is a status column. What the different status's can be?

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Security :: Tracking User Security Violations

Jul 27, 2010

Provide me the script which would track all the users security violations like ... say for example i want to find which users logged in and what he did in database prospective.

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Security :: Security For Some Columns Of Table

Nov 29, 2012

how can we mask value of some columns in table? For example: user A is supervisor, he can query salary column in employee table, but for user B, he is staff member, he can query salary column but system just shows ***** or something like that for salary value.

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Bash_profile Location In IBM AIX?

Sep 30, 2010

Where will i find the bash_profile location in IBM AIX server.

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How To Add New Column At Specified Location In A Table

Dec 29, 2010

How can I add new column at the specified location in a oracle table? I am having a flat file from which data is inserted to the table..But initially I don't need that column so I m not having this column in the table but if further i need that column at the particular location then how can I do this..?

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Dec 14, 2011

I am trying to query a Oracle database table that contains sample records like the one below...

09/12/2011 L1 6 2
09/12/2011 L2 3 7
10/12/2011 L1 4 1
10/12/2011 L2 3 3
11/12/2011 L1 2 2
11/12/2011 L2 2 0
12/12/2011 L1 4 1
12/12/2011 L2 5 0

I am trying to use the Oracle Sum() to get a grouping by DATE, LOCATION, SUM(PROD1+PROD2) for DATE periods 10/12/2011 and 11/12/2011. Below is the desired end result.

10/12/2011 5 6
11/12/2011 4 2

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Datafile In Wrong Location

Jun 18, 2013

My production DB has a couple of datafiles that were created in the wrong place, plus they are tiny - 100mb each.  What is best way to get rid of them?

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